Interview a conversation with a journalist companion designed for the media; the journalist asks the questions, and the other person responds to them. The journalist the interviewer, interviewee the interviewee. Interviewed someone to interview.
Work on the interview is divided into three phases: preparation, conversation, writing material.
The first stage preparation for the interview: choice of the theme; choice of the interlocutor, the corresponding topic of the interview; preparation of the indicative list of issues; identifying ways to record the responses.
And, of course, you need to know whether you agree to be interviewed.
Questions asked by a journalist to his companion, can be divided into several types: generic, specific, alternative, closed, clarifying, filtering. General issues on a very broad topic not aimed at any particular answer. Tell us about your plans for the future. Share your impressions of the performance. Specific issues on a narrow subject, they are opposed to the common. In what movie did you go last night? What are you going to do this afternoon? Alternative issues involving the choice between the two ready-made answers. You will go today to the cinema or to the disco. Closed requires one of two possible answers: yes or no. Do you have a parrot? Clarifying set after the concrete alternative or closed questions, if the information contained in the previous answer was not sufficiently complete. Is it true that you are a great connoisseur of “Silver Age” of Russian poetry? Yes. So who is most close to you in spirit, for understanding of the world? Nikolai Gumilyov and Anna Akhmatova. Filter. These questions are asked in order to check whether they talk the truth.
Practical recommendations the questions asked by the other party, must be clear and specific; never ask about that, and so it is known; ask only that you yourself, as a reader, it is interesting to know; Do not unethical to ask questions; Avoid standard questions; the source, which you have chosen should be of interest to the reader.
The second stage interview: conversation begins with an introduction, if you see the interlocutor for the first time, you must first introduce themselves; The first question that you ask the other party, let it be shared, you can install as interlocutor sociable, what his mood; The end of the interview thank the interlocutor and arrange to meet him for a harmonization of the interview; It is necessary to consider the sequence of questions asked.
Practical recommendations There is information that requires careful cross-checking, e.g. biographical data, all kinds of dates, names of institutions, etc. this can be done right in your conversation, so do not be afraid to ask, specify; Try not to interrupt the interlocutor during the conversation; Be sure to ask clarifying questions, if there is a need; try to win the interlocutor.
The third stage writing material: transcript of the interview, recorded on a clean copy of all questions and answers; editing; you must decide whether all questions and answers are interesting, relevant, text to build logically correct stylistic errors; write an introduction; it may be different, depending on the goal that set himself a journalist.
The most typical examples of arrival: Performance. The journalist is only interlocutor.
Today I talked to a very kind and interesting person artisan carving wood Vasily Tikhonov. Sketch. Description source, the situation where the conversation takes place, if it is significant and interesting.
Bright and spacious room. Before the ceiling shelves with books. Around silence. For oak writing desk sits a man. This is the “keeper of the library.” Today we will talk to him. The reason that caused the interview. Why this topic and this companion chose the journalist. The phrase interlocutor. First, put the most interesting interlocutor answer.