Genre interview is the result of “tightness” in the journalistic text form obtained by the authors of the text of certain information on the validity of using the method of interview. As is known, the method itself does not relate to interviews theoretical and empirical methods to (as discussed earlier in this book). Obviously, for this reason and the genre of the interview is often referred to information genres, it is based on information obtained by the application of empirical research methods. At the same time as it remains in the shadow of the fact that the interview, as well as other empirical methods used to obtain baseline information necessary to prepare not only the performances of information, but also analytical. The information obtained by interview, can be transformed and presented, for example, a newspaper page in correspondence of the report, the replica film. This means that the use of this method in the collection of information has not yet been automatically generates the genre interview. Only, as mentioned above, in the case of bright display in the text “progress” of this method it can determine the form of the publication as a dialogical, question. On this basis, the dominant text can be named genre of the interview. However, the group to which the genre can be attributed specific interview – to informational or analytical, has been dependent on the content of the text set out in the form of an interview.
If an informational interview bears only on the fact of a message by answering the questions: “Who?”, “What?”, “Where?”, “When?”, Then the analytic interview addition contains an analysis of the fact at the same time questions: “why?”, “how?”, “what does that mean?” and so on.
The role of the author of the analytical interview is primarily in the fact that the questions he sets the direction of the analysis, which usually carries itself interviewee. To this end, questions are formulated so that they require illumination nodal points of an event, effects, and a process situation. For example, if a journalist is interviewing the mayor regarding the sudden invasion of rats in the city, it can be “programmed” analytical nature of his speech, raised the question as follows:
- How do you think it means to this event for our city? In how many millions of rubles it cost taxpayers.
- What was the reason for this event? What are the facts and figures, documents confirm your opinion about this?
- Who will bear responsibility for it and how?
- How will this event now? What foundation is your forecast?
- What urgent measures are taking and will take more power? In addition, what should ordinary citizens do?
Such questions will encourage the interlocutor to express their knowledge, views, and opinions on the subject of future publications in a way that will reveal the causal relationships discussed event will be submitted to some assessments, formulated forecast of events, given the necessary arguments for the stated position. Similarly, the content of the text interview to “saturate” the elements of analysis of reality, which makes it an analytical publication.
Of course, there may well be cases in which the interviewee carries out analysis of events, situations, processes, without waiting for leading questions. However, it is most often the case when he is interested in the most detailed, detailed coverage of the subject of the conversation, which, of course, makes it easier to author future analytical publication.