Recall that the survey – it is similar to the method of interview information, has a number of distinct characteristics. Unlike the interview, whose purpose – to provide answers to several (sometimes – a lot of) differing nature of questions from one person during the interview the journalist tries to get answers to the same question (or several of the same issues) from many people. If the author interrogates only one person, such a survey is transformed in an interview. Those publications that are fixing the survey course can be attributed to an independent survey of the genre. Scheme of the genre this group is the same as in the formation of the genre group interview. Encountered in the pages of modern media publishing, built on account of the proceedings to the survey, the purpose of which – the audience a brief notice of the existence of any opinions, views, preferences, often appear under the heading “Quiz”. This heading is introduced for the separation of such publications on the detailed surveys aimed at a deeper study of the subject and its characteristics relating to analytical genres.
The publication of this type results from the connection of the reader question and answer or the journalist or of a competent person. Possible to consider a material in which under one “roof” (header) combines two different text, and usually two different authors? Answers to this question probably follow different. In fact, many media workers are well aware that this kind of publications exist on the pages of the press from time immemorial. Are they in a journalistic everyday life under the definition of “Answers to questions”. However, the question of allocation of such publications in one of the genres of information did not come. They are, if necessary, were entered into the category of notes. Nevertheless, if you consistently go this way, the discharge notes can include any journalistic publication. At the same time, if the “answer questions” there are certain specific features, they may well be attributed to an independent genre. However, such features exist. Chief among them – the indissoluble unity of question and answer.
If there is no problem, you should not answer him. In other words, the type of publishing “question and answer” – a kind of “Siamese twins” in a number of genres of modern information periodicals. Without each other, they tend to become a newspaper strip defective phenomenon. At the same answer and question form a kind of unity of information, combines the advantages of the question and the answer to it. In addition, the answer, perhaps, could be published in a separate note, but the interest of the reader to it in this case could only be lower.
This boom of publications question-answer form demonstrated in our time weekly “Arguments and Facts”. You could even say that to some extent, his fame, popularity among readers that the newspaper owes the active use of this type of material. In the activity there is quite a clear explanation – Editorial guessed that these texts to the greatest extent consistent with the information expectations of its audience. Being concise form, they are at the same time were more winning than the information materials of other genres. Winning this is their “focus of” on the problems that most occupy the attention of the most active part of the audience, not pitying forces to ensure that contact the editorial office for the necessary date for them (and for many of them similar readers) information.
As is known, the first part of the “question-answer” of the text, i.e., question sets the boundaries of the object, which should be involved in the response. Therefore, the answer is always distinguished by its “compulsion” job. In other words, the charge must build your answer adequately the issue. Despite the seeming simplicity answer corresponding to the subject matter, the journalist is not always possible. This occurs due to the fact that at its disposal does not always have the necessary information. Therefore, in many cases, the “mate” of publications of this type are not always, so to speak, fit in with the “Questionnaire”. In order to avoid substantial and logical disconnection of the two parts of the publication, journalists sometimes corrected the issue, changing it so that the information they have presented a complete answer.
By the question-answer form of text, journalists turn not only when they are forced into the readers’ questions, received by the editorial board. Sometimes there is a situation that the journalist has the information you want to publish. However, if, say, a newspaper for no apparent reason suddenly be taken and published the same (shown above) answer about the investigation Sysuev business as an independent notes, it (the newspaper) could be suspected of bias. After all, journalism is the law: for any publication, and the operational information plan is needed “newsworthy.” In this case, it is possible to create such an occasion with a specially “organized by the” letter of the reader (i.e., via a request to any person, for example, abnormal correspondent to send a letter to the editor appropriate). Often the problem can be solved by another method: a journalist yourself up with a question, gives his Received by, and then himself at it, and respond. Of course, this path is sufficiently pre- modern journalists use a condemning, but it.